Potpišite pismo protiv "Broadcasting treaty"-a

U ponedjeljak i utorak Stalno vijece za autorsko pravo i srodna prava
pri UN-ovoj Medjunarodnoj organizaciji za intelektualno vlasnistvo
raspravljat ce o prijedlog Sporazuma o radiodifuzijskim emisijama i
radiodifuzijskim organizacijama - tzv. Broadcasting Treaty, kojim bi
pored postojecih prava u autorskom djelu bilo stvoreno novo pravo nad
svim kopijama emitiranog/prenesenog djela u trajanju od 50 godina po
emitiranju za medijske i telekomunikacije organizacije koje prenose
djelo - kao sto su radio-televizijske kuce i ISP-eve.

Time bi takve radiodifuzijske organizacije (kod nas recimo HRT ili
T-Com) stekle pravo suodlucivanja s autorima o daljnjem koristenju,
distribuciji i preradi emitiranih autorskih djela i prakticki
onemogucile slobodnu razmjenu djela cak i gdje autori takvu distribuciju
dopustaju (npr. pod GNU Opcom javnom licencom ili Creative Commons
javnim licencama).

Stovise, za provedbu takvog prava sporazum bi zemljama potpisnicama
nametnuo i uvodjenje pravne zastite tehnoloskih mjera zastite
(poznatijih kao Digital Rights Management) te uvodjenje zakonske obaveze
za proizvodjace koji adekvatno kontroliraju arhitekturu prijemnicki
uredjaji.

Neposredna posljedica tog sporazuma bila bi zabrana slobodne razmjene
putem interneta onih sadrzaja gdje je takva razmjena dopustena i
pozeljnja - primjerice, podcastova. Takodjer, sporazum bi novostvorenim
pravom vlasnistva nad sadrzajima omogucio medijskim i
telekomunikacijskim tvrtkama da opozovu volju autora. Time WIPO kao dio
Ujedinjenih Naroda ponovno odstupa od svojih temeljnih zadataka da stiti
prava autora i potice ujednaceni razvoj temeljen na razlicitim oblicima
intelektualnog vlasnistva, djelujuci prvenstveno na korist komercijalnih
interesa.

Ako ste podcaster ili korisnik komunikacijskih mogucnosti koje pruza
internet, svoje neslaganje s takvim sporazumom mozete iskazati
stavljajuci svoj potpis na pismo koje ce Electronic Frontier Foundation
podnijeti WIPO-u. Pismo se nalazi u nastavku, a potpisano pismo mozete
poslati na adresu: podcastersandwipo@eff.org ili gwen@eff.org.

Tom

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JOINT STATEMENT OF PODCASTING ORGANIZATIONS AND PODCASTERS ON THE
PROPOSED WIPO TREATY FOR THE PROTECTION OF BROADCASTS AND BROADCASTING
ORGANIZATIONS PRESENTED TO 15th SESSION OF WIPO STANDING COMMITTEE ON
COPYRIGHT AND RELATED RIGHTS, SEPTEMBER 11-12, 2006

We, the undersigned individuals and organizations, representing the
views of thousands of individuals who create audio and audiovisual
podcasts and make them available on the Internet for others to listen to
and enjoy, are extremely concerned about the draft World Intellectual
Property Organization Treaty for the Protection of Broadcasts and
Broadcasting Organizations (the Treaty) and its proposed extension to
the Internet.

The rapid adoption of podcasting by groups and individuals, both
commercial, semi-professional and non-profit, for political commentary,
news reporting, music distribution, and other important information
dissemination is testament to its effectiveness. The Treaty proposes to
create new rights that are not only unnecessary to sustain novel forms
of online communication such as podcasting, but will also inhibit their
growth. The Treaty will stifle innovation in podcasting-related
technologies because the Treaty would require signatory countries to
provide legal protection for technological protection measures (TPM) and
is likely to lead to technology mandate laws controlling the design of
broadcast-receiving devices. The Treaty will also inhibit online
communication by impeding access to and non-infringing use of
copyrighted content. At the same time, where podcasts are made available
under a Creative Commons licence, the Treaty could allow subsequent
casters to make podcasts available on more restrictive terms, overriding
the wishes of the podcast creator. We oppose the extension of the draft
Treaty to the Internet for three reasons.

1. There is no need for the proposed new rights. Webcasting, podcasting,
and myriad other forms of online distribution have flourished without
the sort of rights this Treaty would grant. Though podcasting is only in
its infancy, tens of thousands of podcasts are already being made
available, reaching an estimated total audience in the millions. To the
extent this Treaty would grant rights to podcasters who also stream
their content, including many of the undersigned, we have no desire for
such rights.

2. Innovation in podcasting and other new Internet distribution tools
will suffer. Podcasting came about because of the widespread adoption of
general purpose portable audio players like iPods, as well as use of web
syndication technologies like RSS. Had these novel tools been hampered
by the secondary liability concerns that the treaty's overbroad
intellectual property rights pose for technology developers and
manufacturers of devices that could be used to infringe the new rights,
podcasting might never have flourished. This Treaty would hinder
innovation in future tools by forcing technology developers to obey
government TPM mandates over device design. Along with increasing the
potential financial costs for innovators, the TPM mandates will limit
the types of features on new devices.

3. Extending the Treaty to the Internet will harm the flow of
information and free speech online. Podcasters' freedom of expression is
likely to suffer as a result of reduced innovation. Moreover, the treaty
will impede podcasters' access to and non-infringing use of copyrighted
content. Podcasters can currently rely on national copyright laws to
lawfully include copyrighted materials in their programs, whether for
news reporting, education, or other permitted uses. The proposed Treaty
would undermine those uses by layering a new, and overbroad set of
rights on top of copyright. This will require a second layer of rights
clearance for transmitted materials. At best, this will increase
transaction costs for podcasters, who already face significant hurdles
in obtaining necessary copyright clearances due to undeveloped licensing
markets But it would also give broadcasters the ability to silence
podcasters who depend on use of copyrighted materials.